The World Trade Organization (WTO) issued a report on Thursday stating that since the outbreak of the New Coronary Pneumonia Epidemic in the world, 80 countries and regions have banned or restricted the export of masks, protective equipment, gloves or other related products used to fight the epidemic. This has led to a shortage of such goods.
The WTO pointed out that 72 member countries and 8 non-member countries have implemented such export bans, but only 13 member countries have notified the WTO in accordance with the regulations. Lack of transparency and international non-cooperation have greatly reduced efforts to prevent the spread of the virus. The report said: “Under extraordinary circumstances, it is understandable to prohibit or restrict the export of certain goods, but under these circumstances, countries are reluctant to cooperate with each other, bringing various risks, which has caused some countries and regions that are highly dependent on imports to have medical treatment. Material supply is cut off. Existing medical material supply chains are intervened, and countries and regions that are in urgent need of medical materials are unable to obtain supplies. “The
current WTO regulations generally prohibit member countries from imposing export bans or restrictions, but there are some exceptions. of. The regulations allow member countries to implement temporary measures to restrict exports in emergency situations, such as an emergency shortage of food or other essential materials from the exporting party. According to the WTO, after the spread of the epidemic around the world, many countries and regions have implemented travel restrictions. In addition to reducing the flow of people, it has also caused a decline in the flow of goods. Together with the ban on export of goods, it has made it more difficult for governments of some countries and regions to adjust their procurement decisions And looking for new suppliers.
Last month, when the leaders of the Group of 20 (G20) held a video conference, they agreed that any emergency measures to deal with the outbreak must be targeted, proportionate, transparent, and temporary, but after that conference, there are still countries and The region introduced new export restrictions. The WTO pointed out that when a country restricts exports, other countries will follow suit, resulting in a greater shortage of supplies.